Early Number Sense

This page gives a range of free resources that will help children to recognise small quantities. A range of different visual representations are used. Presentations and resources also help to introduce key maths concepts and ideas.


'How many dots?' subitizing games

Subitizing CardsSubitizing PowerPoint Games
Dot Pattern Cards, 1-3How many dots? (1-3)
How many dots? (2-4)
Dot Pattern Cards, 4-6How many dots? (3-5)
How many dots? (4-6)
How many dots? Different sizes (3-6)
How many dots? Two colours (4-6)

To play Match Bingo, children roll a dice and cross off a matching quantity.

To play One More Bingo and One Less Bingo children roll a numeral dice and cross off a quantity that is one more or one less.

To play Dominoes Car Park children place dominoes on the grid based on the number of spots on the domino.


'How many dots?' 5-frame & 10-frame games

5-frame & 10-frame cards5-frame & 10-frame PowerPoint Games
5-frame cards, 1-5How many dots? (2-4)
How many dots? (3-5)
How many dots? (4-5 in 10-frame)
10-frame cards, 6-10How many dots? (5-7)
How many dots? (6-9)
How many dots? (7-9)

The Finger Cards, 1-10 help children to recognise quantities using base-5 and base-10.


'How many lines?' games

Shape pattern cards'How many lines?' PowerPoint games
Lines cards, 3-5How many lines? (3-5)
Lines cards, 4-6How many lines? (4-6)


Part-whole games

Part-whole cardsIntroductory PowerPoints for part-whole cards
Part-whole dice pattern cards, 4-6Intro to part-whole dice pattern cards (3-6)
Part-whole 10-frame cards, 6-10Intro to part-whole 10-frame cards (6-10)

The 'Equals Means Same As' PowerPoint presentation shows number sentences being built with the whole first (e.g. 5=3+2).

These dice games help children to visualise two parts within a number:

Make 6     Make 7     Make 8     Make 9     Make 10

Here are questions for number bonds to 6, 7, 8 and 9. Children can access the questions by placing Numicon shapes over the Numicon image at the top of the page:

Bonds to 6, 7, 8 & 9

2 colour

Recognising doubles

Doubles cardsIntroductory PowerPoints for doubles cards
Doubles cards, 4-10Intro to doubles cards (4-10)
Doubles cards, 12-20Intro to doubles cards (12-20)



The Count On Races game, played by an adult and a child, helps children learn to count on mentally. A coin or a dice with 1 or 2 on each face is used. Children say the next number when counting on. For example, when starting from 7, for a jump of 2 we say '8,9'.

The Cube Model (4-6) and Cube Model Advanced (4-6) tasks, children recreate the models. This task develops visual-spatial skills and helps children to recognise two parts within the whole.

The Reasoning in Addition Puzzles get children thinking deeply about the value of different shapes. This Mathsbot link allows you to generate new reasoning in addition puzzles.

Visual Representations

This article explains the importance of children's finger discrimination skills and this article gives different ways in which fingers can be used. Here are some Finger Discrimination tasks by Youcubed.

These Base-5 and Base-10 Number Tracks are coloured to help children to see quantities within a number track.

This Online Base-5 Abacus by Math Rack represents quantities 10-100 using a base-5 colouring.

The Coloured 100-Squares help to identify patterns in the 100-square and can support children as they count in 2s and 5s.

The Teens & Tens Cards help children to discern between teen and tens numbers. The Place Value Sorting Task show different representations of teen numbers and challenge children to spot misconceptions.

Progression in Pattern

The Progression in Pattern guidance shows how children's understanding of repeating patterns can be built. The Grids for Repeating Patterns can be used as children look to create circular patterns with a fixed number of spaces.

Number Foundations Assessment

Fluency in Calculation Within 20

Spatial Reasoning in Early Childhood, Early Childhood Maths Group

Deconstructing Word Questions KS1 Tasks and Build-Up Presentation

PS Within 10

Count On
Teens Tens